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MPI_Test(3) man page (version 2.1.6)

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MPI_Test - Tests for the completion of a specific send or receive.


C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Test(MPI_Request *request, int *flag, MPI_Status *status)

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE ’mpif.h’

C++ Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
bool Request::Test(Status& status)
bool Request::Test()

Input Parameter

Communication request (handle).

Output Parameters

True if operation completed (logical).
Status object (status).
Fortran only: Error status (integer).


A call to MPI_Test returns flag = true if the operation identified by request is complete. In such a case, the status object is set to contain information on the completed operation; if the communication object was created by a nonblocking send or receive, then it is deallocated and the request handle is set to MPI_REQUEST_NULL. The call returns flag = false, otherwise. In this case, the value of the status object is undefined. MPI_Test is a local operation.

The return status object for a receive operation carries information that can be accessed as described in Section 3.2.5 of the MPI-1 Standard, "Return Status." The status object for a send operation carries information that can be accessed by a call to MPI_Test_cancelled (see Section 3.8 of the MPI-1 Standard, "Probe and Cancel").

If your application does not need to examine the status field, you can save resources by using the predefined constant MPI_STATUS_IGNORE as a special value for the status argument.

One is allowed to call MPI_Test with a null or inactive request argument. In such a case the operation returns with flag = true and empty status.

The functions MPI_Wait and MPI_Test can be used to complete both sends and receives.


The use of the nonblocking MPI_Test call allows the user to schedule alternative activities within a single thread of execution. An event-driven thread scheduler can be emulated with periodic calls to MPI_Test.


Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI::Exception object.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler, MPI_File_set_errhandler, or MPI_Win_set_errhandler (depending on the type of MPI handle that generated the request); the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

Note that per MPI-1 section 3.2.5, MPI exceptions on requests passed to MPI_TEST do not set the status.MPI_ERROR field in the returned status. The error code is passed to the back-end error handler and may be passed back to the caller through the return value of MPI_TEST if the back-end error handler returns it. The pre-defined MPI error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN exhibits this behavior, for example.

See Also


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