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MPI_Waitall(3) man page (version 1.4.5)

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MPI_Waitall - Waits for all given communications to complete.


C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Waitall(int count, MPI_Request *array_of_requests,
    MPI_Status *array_of_statuses)

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE ’mpif.h’

C++ Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
static void Request::Waitall(int count, Request array_of_requests[],
    Status array_of_statuses[])
static void Request::Waitall(int count, Request array_of_requests[])

Input Parameters

Lists length (integer).
Array of requests (array of handles).

Output Parameters

Array of status objects (array of status).
Fortran only: Error status (integer).


Blocks until all communication operations associated with active handles in the list complete, and returns the status of all these operations (this includes the case where no handle in the list is active). Both arrays have the same number of valid entries. The ith entry in array_of_statuses is set to the return status of the ith operation. Requests that were created by nonblocking communication operations are deallocated, and the corresponding handles in the array are set to MPI_REQUEST_NULL. The list may contain null or inactive handles. The call sets to empty the status of each such entry.

The error-free execution of MPI_Waitall(count, array_of_requests, array_of_statuses) has the same effect as the execution of MPI_Wait(&array_of_request[i], &array_of_statuses[i]), for i=0,...,count-1, in some arbitrary order. MPI_Waitall with an array of length 1 is equivalent to MPI_Wait.

When one or more of the communications completed by a call to MPI_Waitall fail, it is desirable to return specific information on each communication. The function MPI_Waitall will return in such case the error code MPI_ERR_IN_STATUS and will set the error field of each status to a specific error code. This code will be MPI_SUCCESS if the specific communication completed; it will be another specific error code if it failed; or it can be MPI_ERR_PENDING if it has neither failed nor completed. The function MPI_Waitall will return MPI_SUCCESS if no request had an error, or will return another error code if it failed for other reasons (such as invalid arguments). In such cases, it will not update the error fields of the statuses.

If your application does not need to examine the array_of_statuses field, you can save resources by using the predefined constant MPI_STATUSES_IGNORE can be used as a special value for the array_of_statuses argument.


For each invocation of MPI_Waitall, if one or more requests generate an MPI exception, only the first MPI request that caused an exception will be passed to its corresponding error handler. No other error handlers will be invoked (even if multiple requests generated exceptions). However, all requests that generate an exception will have a relevant error code set in the corresponding status.MPI_ERROR field (unless MPI_STATUSES_IGNORE was used).

The default error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler, MPI_File_set_errhandler, or MPI_Win_set_errhandler (depending on the type of MPI handle that generated the MPI request); the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

If the invoked error handler allows MPI_Waitall to return to the caller, the value MPI_ERR_IN_STATUS will be returned in the C and Fortran bindings. In C++, if the predefined error handler MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS is used, the value MPI::ERR_IN_STATUS will be contained in the MPI::Exception object. The MPI_ERROR field can then be examined in the array of returned statuses to determine exactly which request(s) generated an exception.

See Also


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